Mexico City is the capital
of Mexico. Mexico City is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. The
population is growing with 5% a year, mainly because of birth and because of
immigration of people from the country. Each day about 1.000 people form the
country arrive in Mexico City.
This city is crowded,
polluted, and chaotic, but it's also very beautiful! In Mexico City you can
find the richness of the nation. It is the centre of the government. It is not
just a city with skyscrapers, roads and people. The city has a lot more to
give, only you have to know were to find it. You also have to be patient. In
Mexico City patience makes it possible to survive. Mexico City is a city of
Aztec records set the
founding date of their city at 1325, when a band of nomads from the north
settled on an island in Lake Texcoco. The city, called Tenochtitlán, eventually
expanded to a population of more than 250,000, and by the 16th century it had
become the seat of the Aztec Empire. The Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés first
viewed the city in 1519. In 1521 his forces occupied and systematically
levelled the great Aztec metropolis, building their own capital on the ruins.
Lake Texcoco was filled in as the city expanded and was rebuilt in the Spanish
architectural mode. From this new town, Spanish excursions explored and subdued
the Native American inhabitants as far north as the present United States and
south into Central America. Mexico City became the capital of all the Spanish
provinces in the western hemisphere north of Costa Rica. It was administered by
Spain for three centuries before being won in 1821 by a revolutionary band led
by Augustine de Iturbide, later named emperor. During the Mexican-American War,
Mexico City was captured by US forces in 1847 and held for five months. It was
ruled by Emperor Maximilian and the French army from 1863 to 1867, when it was
taken by President Benito Pablo Juarez. During the years of revolution
following 1910, the capital was the scene of street fighting. By the 1920s,
plans for the urbanization of Mexico City had been initiated. Industrialization
increased as mills and factories spread throughout the city. Slum-clearance and
housing-development programmes were initiated. Between 1930 and 1950, the
population more than doubled. In 1985 a devastating earthquake caused severe
damage, leaving nearly 30,000 homeless and thousands more dead.
The industry in Mexico
City produces more than 65% of the national production and there is oil industry,
chemical industry and nourishment industry. Some of the most important products
are: cement, glass, paper, clothes, electronics, household appliances and cars.
Most of the Mexican banks and insurance companies do have their main offices in
In the city there are a
lot of roads, railroads and airways. Since 1969 you also can find a subway. All
this traffic makes much pollution (smog). On hot days there are live
threatening concentrations of sulphur fume, carbonic oxide and car butted
hydrogen in the air. In the winter it happens that the air can't rise anymore.
This causes great problems for the health of the inhabitants of the city
In Mexico-city the
population will keep on growing fast. This will lead to many more problems than
the city probably can hold.