It is the starting point of the modern novel. With it, the
bourgevis comes into literature. It is a novel of adventures
. Books about voyages and new discoveries where very
popular in the 18th century.
A story that appeared in a magazine was about Alexander Selkirk a
Scotch sailor who had quarreled with his capitain and insested on going ashore.
He lived on a desert island for 4 years.
Crusoe is the type of an enterprising man who by a steady work
succeeds in surpassing the hardships of life. Thus the novel is a praise to human labor and the triumph of man over nature.
Work and fortitude help Robinson to endure hardship – they save him from
The charm of the novel lies in Robinson as a person. His
characteristic trait is his optimism. His guiding principle while living on the
island became “never say die”. He had confidence in himself and believed that
it was within his power to overcome all difficulties. Friday is the other
character of the book. He is intelligent, brave, generous and skilful. He is
described as an able, pleasant human being at a time when colored people were
treated very badly. The novel praises the practicalness and energy; yet when
concentrated in an individual man these qualities are exaggerated. According to
Defoe it follows that man can live by him self comfortably and make all the
things with no other human. He pointed
out the fact that human character is moulded by the circumstances in life that
he is subjected to. Defoe is less preoccupied by the adventures of his hero,
which became simple settings for bringing the character and the destiny of the
hero into high relief.
When reading the minute description of Crusoe’s life and work, one
feels that the person who wrote the book must have lived through ale the
adventures himself. It demonstrates that Defoe was a great master of realistic