Forme de ocrotire a copilului aflat in dificultate referat






FORME 38941fku28ify6y DE 38941fku28ify6y OCROTIRE 38941fku28ify6y A 38941fku28ify6y COPILULUI 38941fku28ify6y AFLAT 38941fku28ify6y IN 38941fku28ify6y DIFICULTATE

 

 

 

1. PLASAMENTUL 38941fku28ify6y FAMILIAL

 

 

Conform 38941fku28ify6y practicii 38941fku28ify6y internationale, 38941fku28ify6y plasamentul 38941fku28ify6y familial 38941fku28ify6y consta 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y incredintarea 38941fku28ify6y unui 38941fku28ify6y copil, 38941fku28ify6y unei 38941fku28ify6y persoane 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y familii, 38941fku28ify6y alta 38941fku28ify6y decat 38941fku28ify6y parintii 38941fku28ify6y biologici, 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y fara 38941fku28ify6y consimtamantul 38941fku28ify6y acestora.

Familia 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y primire 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y fi 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y randul 38941fku28ify6y familiei 38941fku28ify6y largite 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y comunitatea 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y face 38941fku28ify6y parte 38941fku28ify6y copilul. 38941fku28ify6y Familia 38941fku28ify6y primitoare 38941fku28ify6y isi 38941fku28ify6y asuma 38941fku28ify6y responsabilitatile 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y cresterea 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y educarea 38941fku28ify6y copilului.

Copilul 38941fku28ify6y primit 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y plasament 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y devine 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y punct 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y vedere 38941fku28ify6y juridic 38941fku28ify6y membru 38941fku28ify6y al 38941fku28ify6y familiei 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y primire, 38941fku28ify6y ci 38941fku28ify6y continua 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y apartina 38941fku28ify6y familiei 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y origine.

Desi 38941fku28ify6y plasamentul 38941fku28ify6y familial 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y incredintarea 38941fku28ify6y erau 38941fku28ify6y considerate 38941fku28ify6y alternative 38941fku28ify6y prioritare 38941fku28ify6y fata 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutionalizarea 38941fku28ify6y copilului, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y practica 38941fku28ify6y ele 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y raman 38941fku28ify6y inca 38941fku28ify6y forme 38941fku28ify6y marginale.

Plasamentul 38941fku28ify6y familial 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y avut 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y evolutie 38941fku28ify6y diferita 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y tarile 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltate. 38941fku28ify6y Diferentele 38941fku28ify6y intre 38941fku28ify6y tarile 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y Uniunea 38941fku28ify6y Europeana 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y foarte 38941fku28ify6y mari. 38941fku28ify6y Astfel, 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y totalul 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y aflati 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y afara 38941fku28ify6y familiei 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y Irlanda 38941fku28ify6y 73% 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y plasament 38941fku28ify6y familial, 38941fku28ify6y restul 38941fku28ify6y fiind 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y plasament 38941fku28ify6y institutional; 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y Franta 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y 57%, 38941fku28ify6y iar 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y Spania 38941fku28ify6y 12%; 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y Anglia 38941fku28ify6y raportul 38941fku28ify6y intre 38941fku28ify6y plasamentul 38941fku28ify6y institutional 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y cel 38941fku28ify6y familial 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y 40/60, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y Olanda 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y Danemarca 38941fku28ify6y raportul 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y 50/50.

Desi 38941fku28ify6y practica 38941fku28ify6y internationala 38941fku28ify6y actuala 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y eterogena, 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y pot 38941fku28ify6y face 38941fku28ify6y cateva 38941fku28ify6y aprecieri 38941fku28ify6y globale 38941fku28ify6y privind 38941fku28ify6y avantajele 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y dificultatile 38941fku28ify6y plasamentului 38941fku28ify6y familial. 38941fku28ify6y Avantajul 38941fku28ify6y esential 38941fku28ify6y al 38941fku28ify6y plasamentului 38941fku28ify6y consta 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y posibilitatea 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y oferi 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y mediu 38941fku28ify6y familial 38941fku28ify6y provizoriu, 38941fku28ify6y cand 38941fku28ify6y acesta 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y trai 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y familia 38941fku28ify6y naturala 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y nici 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y beneficia 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y familie 38941fku28ify6y adoptiva. 38941fku28ify6y Problema 38941fku28ify6y esentiala 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y plasamentului 38941fku28ify6y consta 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y coexistenta 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y doua 38941fku28ify6y familii 38941fku28ify6y responsabile 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y soarta 38941fku28ify6y aceluiasi 38941fku28ify6y copil.

Aceasta 38941fku28ify6y situatie 38941fku28ify6y trebuie 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y fie 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y deplin 38941fku28ify6y acceptata 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y familia 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y primeste 38941fku28ify6y copilul 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y faca 38941fku28ify6y obiectul 38941fku28ify6y unei 38941fku28ify6y urmariri 38941fku28ify6y permanente 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y catre 38941fku28ify6y personalul 38941fku28ify6y specializat.

In 38941fku28ify6y organizarea 38941fku28ify6y programelor, 38941fku28ify6y s-a 38941fku28ify6y avut 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y vedere 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y plasamentul 38941fku28ify6y familial 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y un 38941fku28ify6y demers 38941fku28ify6y specific 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y nevoie 38941fku28ify6y de:

 

  • cadru 38941fku28ify6y juridic 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y reglementari 38941fku28ify6y administrative 38941fku28ify6y precise;

 

  • practicieni 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y formare 38941fku28ify6y profesionala 38941fku28ify6y adaptata;

 

  • mijloace 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y control;

 

  • statut 38941fku28ify6y clar 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y solid 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y familiile 38941fku28ify6y ocrotitoare

38941fku28ify6y 38941fku28ify6y 38941fku28ify6y

2. INSTITUTIILE 38941fku28ify6y REZIDENTIALE 38941fku28ify6y PENTRU 38941fku28ify6y OCROTIREA 38941fku28ify6y COPILULUI

 

 

Institutiile 38941fku28ify6y rezidentiale 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y ocrotirea 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y formeaza 38941fku28ify6y practic 38941fku28ify6y , 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y prezent, 38941fku28ify6y sistemul 38941fku28ify6y public 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y carui 38941fku28ify6y relevanta 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y solutie 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y problemele 38941fku28ify6y copiilor 38941fku28ify6y aflati 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y dificultate 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y evident.

 

A. Institutiile 38941fku28ify6y publice 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y ocrotirea 38941fku28ify6y rezidentiala 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y mod 38941fku28ify6y traditional 38941fku28ify6y organizate 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y criteriul 38941fku28ify6y varstei. 38941fku28ify6y Traditia 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y face 38941fku28ify6y referire 38941fku28ify6y era 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y ocroti 38941fku28ify6y copilul 38941fku28ify6y intre 38941fku28ify6y 0-3 38941fku28ify6y ani 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y "leagan", 38941fku28ify6y iar 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y cel 38941fku28ify6y intre 38941fku28ify6y 3- 38941fku28ify6y 18 38941fku28ify6y ani 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y "casa 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii". 38941fku28ify6y Intrucat 38941fku28ify6y copilul 38941fku28ify6y aflat 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y cele 38941fku28ify6y doua 38941fku28ify6y tipuri 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y are 38941fku28ify6y aceleasi 38941fku28ify6y categorii 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y nevoi, 38941fku28ify6y separarea 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y criteriul 38941fku28ify6y varstei 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y fi 38941fku28ify6y considerata 38941fku28ify6y artificiala. 38941fku28ify6y Aceste 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y avut 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y subordonare 38941fku28ify6y administrativa 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y metodologica 38941fku28ify6y diferita: 38941fku28ify6y leaganele 38941fku28ify6y apartinand 38941fku28ify6y Ministerului 38941fku28ify6y Sanatatii, 38941fku28ify6y iar 38941fku28ify6y casele 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y Ministerului 38941fku28ify6y Educatiei 38941fku28ify6y Nationale. 38941fku28ify6y Aceste 38941fku28ify6y subordonari 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y generat 38941fku28ify6y caracteristicile 38941fku28ify6y esentiale 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y diferentierea 38941fku28ify6y celor 38941fku28ify6y doua 38941fku28ify6y tipuri 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutii.



In 38941fku28ify6y general, 38941fku28ify6y numarul 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y ingrijiti 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y fiecare 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y publica 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y mare.Pe 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y alta 38941fku28ify6y parte,perioada 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y timp 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y copilul 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y petrece 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y indelungata.Institutiile 38941fku28ify6y fiind 38941fku28ify6y mari,insuficient 38941fku28ify6y adaptate 38941fku28ify6y nevoilor 38941fku28ify6y copiilor, 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y dificil 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y realizat 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y scara 38941fku28ify6y larga 38941fku28ify6y programe 38941fku28ify6y individualizate 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y fiecare 38941fku28ify6y copil.Totodata,lipsa 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y alternativa 38941fku28ify6y reala 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y sistemul 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y 38941fku28ify6y rezidentiala 38941fku28ify6y face 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y fiecare 38941fku28ify6y copil 38941fku28ify6y intrat 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y "capcana"acestui 38941fku28ify6y sistem 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y trebuiasca 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y treaca 38941fku28ify6y cel 38941fku28ify6y putin 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y data 38941fku28ify6y dintr-o 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y intr-alta 38941fku28ify6y (in 38941fku28ify6y functie 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y varsta) 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y schimbarea, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y consecinta, 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y intregului 38941fku28ify6y mediu: 38941fku28ify6y loc, 38941fku28ify6y personal, 38941fku28ify6y colegi, 38941fku28ify6y prieteni 38941fku28ify6y . 38941fku28ify6y Acest 38941fku28ify6y fapt, 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y asemenea, 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y contribui 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltare 38941fku28ify6y armonioasa 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y copilului.

Exista 38941fku28ify6y deja 38941fku28ify6y metodologii, 38941fku28ify6y proceduri 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y lucru 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y profesionisti 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y pot 38941fku28ify6y activa 38941fku28ify6y plasamentul 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y familie 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y reala 38941fku28ify6y alternativa 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y protectie 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y copil.

Gestiunea 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y catre 38941fku28ify6y un 38941fku28ify6y singur 38941fku28ify6y organism 38941fku28ify6y (consiliul 38941fku28ify6y judetean) 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y tuturor 38941fku28ify6y resurselor 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y permita 38941fku28ify6y oferirea 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y servicii 38941fku28ify6y diversificate, 38941fku28ify6y adaptate 38941fku28ify6y nevoii 38941fku28ify6y fiecarei 38941fku28ify6y familii, 38941fku28ify6y va 38941fku28ify6y putea 38941fku28ify6y dirija 38941fku28ify6y interventia 38941fku28ify6y profesionistilor 38941fku28ify6y catre 38941fku28ify6y prevenirea 38941fku28ify6y riscurilor 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y gasirea 38941fku28ify6y unor 38941fku28ify6y solutii 38941fku28ify6y eficace 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y eficiente 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltarea 38941fku28ify6y copilului. 38941fku28ify6y

Studiul 38941fku28ify6y privind 38941fku28ify6y institutionalizarea 38941fku28ify6y copilului, 38941fku28ify6y realizat 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y 1991, 38941fku28ify6y scotea 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y evidenta 38941fku28ify6y intarzieri 38941fku28ify6y semnificative 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltarea 38941fku28ify6y fizica 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y intelectuala 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y copiilor 38941fku28ify6y institutionalizati 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y perioade 38941fku28ify6y lungi 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y timp 38941fku28ify6y fata 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copilul 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y aceeasi 38941fku28ify6y varsta 38941fku28ify6y crescut 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y familie. 38941fku28ify6y

In 38941fku28ify6y studiul 38941fku28ify6y similar 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y 1997, 38941fku28ify6y situatia 38941fku28ify6y pare 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fi 38941fku28ify6y ameliorata, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y special 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y ceea 38941fku28ify6y ce 38941fku28ify6y priveste 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltarea 38941fku28ify6y fizica, 38941fku28ify6y dar 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y inregistreaza 38941fku28ify6y intarzieri 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltarea 38941fku28ify6y intelectuala, 38941fku28ify6y manifestate 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y special 38941fku28ify6y prin 38941fku28ify6y nereusita 38941fku28ify6y scolara.

Necesitatea 38941fku28ify6y elaborarii 38941fku28ify6y unei 38941fku28ify6y conceptii 38941fku28ify6y unitare 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y coerente, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y interesul 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y lipsit 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y familie, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y sensul 38941fku28ify6y recurgerii 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y numai 38941fku28ify6y atunci 38941fku28ify6y cand 38941fku28ify6y acest 38941fku28ify6y lucru 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y fi 38941fku28ify6y evitat, 38941fku28ify6y trebuie 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y regaseasca 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y obiectivul 38941fku28ify6y major 38941fku28ify6y al 38941fku28ify6y institutiilor 38941fku28ify6y rezidentiale. 38941fku28ify6y Indifernt 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y ar 38941fku28ify6y fi 38941fku28ify6y varsta 38941fku28ify6y copilului, 38941fku28ify6y aceasta 38941fku28ify6y trebuie 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y reintoarca 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y mediul 38941fku28ify6y familial 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y fie 38941fku28ify6y pregatit 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y viata 38941fku28ify6y sociala. 38941fku28ify6y Nu 38941fku28ify6y trebuie 38941fku28ify6y trecute 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y vederea 38941fku28ify6y experimentele 38941fku28ify6y realizate 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y cateva 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire, 38941fku28ify6y inclusiv 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y catre 38941fku28ify6y organizatii 38941fku28ify6y neguvernamentale 38941fku28ify6y , 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y demonstrat 38941fku28ify6y posibilitatea 38941fku28ify6y urmaririi 38941fku28ify6y evolutiei 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y prin 38941fku28ify6y proiecte 38941fku28ify6y individuale.

In 38941fku28ify6y prezent, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y leagane 38941fku28ify6y relatia 38941fku28ify6y sociala 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y subestimata. 38941fku28ify6y Desi 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y ultimii 38941fku28ify6y ani 38941fku28ify6y s-au 38941fku28ify6y produs 38941fku28ify6y ameliorari 38941fku28ify6y semnificative 38941fku28ify6y ale 38941fku28ify6y acestei 38941fku28ify6y situatii, 38941fku28ify6y ea 38941fku28ify6y ramane 38941fku28ify6y inca 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y problema 38941fku28ify6y foarte 38941fku28ify6y importanta. 38941fku28ify6y Prelungirea 38941fku28ify6y perioadei 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y leagan 38941fku28ify6y dupa 38941fku28ify6y varsta 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y 3 38941fku28ify6y ani, 38941fku28ify6y fara 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y adaptare 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y normativelor 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y personal, 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y programelor 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y activitate 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y conditiilor 38941fku28ify6y materiale 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y viata, 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y creeaza 38941fku28ify6y garantia 38941fku28ify6y functionarii 38941fku28ify6y leaganului 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y sensul 38941fku28ify6y servirii 38941fku28ify6y interesului 38941fku28ify6y fundamental 38941fku28ify6y al 38941fku28ify6y copilului. 38941fku28ify6y La 38941fku28ify6y nivelul 38941fku28ify6y intregii 38941fku28ify6y tari 38941fku28ify6y exista 38941fku28ify6y un 38941fku28ify6y numar 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y aproximativ 38941fku28ify6y 58 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y leagane, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y aproximativ 38941fku28ify6y 9800 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii.

Un 38941fku28ify6y fenomen 38941fku28ify6y ingrijorator 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y s-a 38941fku28ify6y manifestat 38941fku28ify6y pana 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y anul 38941fku28ify6y 1990 38941fku28ify6y (sau, 38941fku28ify6y cel 38941fku28ify6y putin, 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y asemenea 38941fku28ify6y amploare 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y consecinte) 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y prezenta 38941fku28ify6y ilegala 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y majorilor 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y casele 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii. 38941fku28ify6y Conform 38941fku28ify6y legii, 38941fku28ify6y dupa 38941fku28ify6y varsta 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y 18 38941fku28ify6y ani 38941fku28ify6y beneficiaza 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y doar 38941fku28ify6y majorii 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y continua 38941fku28ify6y studiile, 38941fku28ify6y pana 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y varsta 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y 25 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ani.

Lipsa 38941fku28ify6y ofertelor 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y munca, 38941fku28ify6y dificultatea 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y gasi 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y locuinta 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y ingreunat 38941fku28ify6y situatia 38941fku28ify6y tinerilor 38941fku28ify6y crescuti 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y casele 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii. 38941fku28ify6y Neavand 38941fku28ify6y locuinta, 38941fku28ify6y loc 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y munca 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y familie 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y ii 38941fku28ify6y sprijine, 38941fku28ify6y unii 38941fku28ify6y dintre 38941fku28ify6y acesti 38941fku28ify6y tineri 38941fku28ify6y intra 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y conflict 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y legea. 38941fku28ify6y Continuand 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y locuiasca 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y casele 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y ei 38941fku28ify6y creeaza 38941fku28ify6y probleme 38941fku28ify6y deosebite 38941fku28ify6y (violenta, 38941fku28ify6y abuz 38941fku28ify6y sexual 38941fku28ify6y s.a.).





B. Institutionalizarea 38941fku28ify6y mascata 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y copiilor 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y spitale/sectii 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y spitale 38941fku28ify6y constituie 38941fku28ify6y un 38941fku28ify6y capitol 38941fku28ify6y aparte. 38941fku28ify6y Teoretic, 38941fku28ify6y copiii 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y institutionalizati, 38941fku28ify6y practic 38941fku28ify6y insa, 38941fku28ify6y timpul 38941fku28ify6y indelungat 38941fku28ify6y (de 38941fku28ify6y ordinul 38941fku28ify6y anilor) 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y il 38941fku28ify6y petrec 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y aceste 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y medicale, 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y cauzele 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y genereaza 38941fku28ify6y ramanerea 38941fku28ify6y lor 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y acestea, 38941fku28ify6y le 38941fku28ify6y confera 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y fapt 38941fku28ify6y statutul 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y abandonati 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y grija 38941fku28ify6y institutiei 38941fku28ify6y medicale. 38941fku28ify6y Este 38941fku28ify6y vorba 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y sectii 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y recuperare 38941fku28ify6y pediatrica, 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y recuperare 38941fku28ify6y neuropsihica 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y sectii 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y boli 38941fku28ify6y contagioase 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y diferite 38941fku28ify6y spitale.

In 38941fku28ify6y spital, 38941fku28ify6y personalul 38941fku28ify6y specializat 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y asistenta 38941fku28ify6y medicala 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y le 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y oferi 38941fku28ify6y acestor 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y decat 38941fku28ify6y ingrijire 38941fku28ify6y preponderent 38941fku28ify6y medicalizata, 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y suficienta. 38941fku28ify6y Nu 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y fac 38941fku28ify6y evaluari 38941fku28ify6y periodice 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y pune 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y discutie 38941fku28ify6y cazul 38941fku28ify6y fiecarui 38941fku28ify6y copil 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y comisia 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y minorilor, 38941fku28ify6y respectiv 38941fku28ify6y transferul 38941fku28ify6y acestor 38941fku28ify6y copii, 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y exemplu 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y le 38941fku28ify6y ofere 38941fku28ify6y serviciile 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y nevoie. 38941fku28ify6y Pe 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y alta 38941fku28ify6y parte, 38941fku28ify6y copiii 38941fku28ify6y ramasi 38941fku28ify6y dupa 38941fku28ify6y insanatosire 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y spitale, 38941fku28ify6y datorita 38941fku28ify6y unor 38941fku28ify6y cauze 38941fku28ify6y sociale, 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y transforma, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y timp, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y reale 38941fku28ify6y cazuri 38941fku28ify6y medicale. 38941fku28ify6y Spitalizarea 38941fku28ify6y indelungata 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y numai 38941fku28ify6y ne 38941fku28ify6y stimulativa 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltarea 38941fku28ify6y copilului, 38941fku28ify6y ci 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y extrem 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y traumatizanta, 38941fku28ify6y generand 38941fku28ify6y handicapuri 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y boli 38941fku28ify6y cronice.

Cazul 38941fku28ify6y copiilor 38941fku28ify6y abandonati 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y familie 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y institutionalizati 38941fku28ify6y mascat 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y diferite 38941fku28ify6y categorii 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y spitale 38941fku28ify6y (maternitati, 38941fku28ify6y sectii 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y recuperare 38941fku28ify6y neuropsihica, 38941fku28ify6y sanatorii, 38941fku28ify6y preventorii, 38941fku28ify6y spitale/ 38941fku28ify6y sectii 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y HIV 38941fku28ify6y pozitiv 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y bolnavi 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y SIDA) 38941fku28ify6y genereaza 38941fku28ify6y situatii 38941fku28ify6y critice, 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y ales 38941fku28ify6y atunci 38941fku28ify6y cand 38941fku28ify6y identitatea 38941fku28ify6y lor 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y necunoscuta.

C. Caminul 38941fku28ify6y spital 38941fku28ify6y 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y singurul 38941fku28ify6y tip 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y rezidentiala 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y varsta 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y 3-18 38941fku28ify6y ani, 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y handicap 38941fku28ify6y motor 38941fku28ify6y asociat 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y deficienta 38941fku28ify6y mintala 38941fku28ify6y profunda, 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y antreneaza 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y restrangere 38941fku28ify6y extrema 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y autonomiei 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y posibilitatilor 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y perceptie, 38941fku28ify6y expresie 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y relationare 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y copilului. 38941fku28ify6y Costurile 38941fku28ify6y intretinerii 38941fku28ify6y revin 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y totalitate 38941fku28ify6y statului.

Caminul 38941fku28ify6y spital 38941fku28ify6y reprezinta 38941fku28ify6y institutia 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y ridicat 38941fku28ify6y cele 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y multe 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y grave 38941fku28ify6y probleme, 38941fku28ify6y relevant 38941fku28ify6y fiind 38941fku28ify6y faptul 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y aici 38941fku28ify6y s-a 38941fku28ify6y inregistrat 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y rata 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y mortalitatii 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y 15-18% 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y an. 38941fku28ify6y Faptul 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y exista 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y analiza 38941fku28ify6y periodica 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y evolutiei 38941fku28ify6y fiecarui 38941fku28ify6y copil, 38941fku28ify6y conduce 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y situatia 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y care, 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y necesara 38941fku28ify6y internarea 38941fku28ify6y intr-o 38941fku28ify6y astfel 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y raman 38941fku28ify6y aici 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y perioade 38941fku28ify6y lungi 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y timp.Practica 38941fku28ify6y directorilor 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y personalului 38941fku28ify6y acestora 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y ocupa 38941fku28ify6y institutia 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y capacitate 38941fku28ify6y maxima 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y dorinta 38941fku28ify6y pastrarii 38941fku28ify6y posturilor, 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y un 38941fku28ify6y alt 38941fku28ify6y motiv 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y prelungeste 38941fku28ify6y durata 38941fku28ify6y sederii 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y caminul 38941fku28ify6y spital. 38941fku28ify6y

D. Institutiile 38941fku28ify6y private 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y formeaza 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y categorie 38941fku28ify6y distincta 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y cadrul 38941fku28ify6y peisajului 38941fku28ify6y romanesc. 38941fku28ify6y Acestea 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y infiintate 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y diferite 38941fku28ify6y ONG-uri 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y mod 38941fku28ify6y esential 38941fku28ify6y diferite 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutiile 38941fku28ify6y publice. 38941fku28ify6y Ele 38941fku28ify6y sunt 38941fku28ify6y create 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y start 38941fku28ify6y dupa 38941fku28ify6y standarde 38941fku28ify6y moderne, 38941fku28ify6y corespunzatoare 38941fku28ify6y practicii 38941fku28ify6y actuale 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y domeniu 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y plan 38941fku28ify6y international.

Asigurarea 38941fku28ify6y legalitatii 38941fku28ify6y infiintarii 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y functionarii 38941fku28ify6y acestor 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y s-a 38941fku28ify6y bazat 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y incheierea 38941fku28ify6y unor 38941fku28ify6y contracte 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y asociere 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y autoritatile 38941fku28ify6y judetene 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y locale 38941fku28ify6y ori 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y contracte 38941fku28ify6y similare, 38941fku28ify6y incheiate 38941fku28ify6y direct 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y structuri 38941fku28ify6y ale 38941fku28ify6y guvernului.

Un 38941fku28ify6y exemplu 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y proiect 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltat 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y privata 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y programul 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ingrijire 38941fku28ify6y familiala 38941fku28ify6y temporara 38941fku28ify6y "foster 38941fku28ify6y care", 38941fku28ify6y promovat 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y Organizatia 38941fku28ify6y Holt 38941fku28ify6y incepand 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y 1994. 38941fku28ify6y Programul 38941fku28ify6y ofera 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y alternativa 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y ocrotirea 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y tip 38941fku28ify6y rezidential, 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y rezultate 38941fku28ify6y deosebite 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y evolutia 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y . 38941fku28ify6y Familiile 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y doresc 38941fku28ify6y sa 38941fku28ify6y primeasca 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y plasament 38941fku28ify6y unul 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y multi 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y trec 38941fku28ify6y printr-o 38941fku28ify6y procedura 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y evaluare, 38941fku28ify6y prin 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y analizeaza 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y numai 38941fku28ify6y experienta 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y cresterea 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y ingrijirea 38941fku28ify6y copiilor, 38941fku28ify6y ci 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y motivatia 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y acest 38941fku28ify6y program. 38941fku28ify6y



Aproape 38941fku28ify6y fiecare 38941fku28ify6y dintre 38941fku28ify6y institutiile 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y gestionate 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ONG-uri 38941fku28ify6y poate 38941fku28ify6y constitui 38941fku28ify6y model 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y ceea 38941fku28ify6y ce 38941fku28ify6y inseamna 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y tip 38941fku28ify6y familial, 38941fku28ify6y institutie 38941fku28ify6y deschisa 38941fku28ify6y spre 38941fku28ify6y comunitate, 38941fku28ify6y abordare 38941fku28ify6y plenara 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltarii 38941fku28ify6y individuale 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fiecarui 38941fku28ify6y copil 38941fku28ify6y ocrotit. 38941fku28ify6y Filozofia 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y sta 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y baza 38941fku28ify6y majoritatii 38941fku28ify6y acestor 38941fku28ify6y institutii 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y aceea 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y ele 38941fku28ify6y constituie 38941fku28ify6y centre 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y tranzit 38941fku28ify6y al 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y spre 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y familie. 38941fku28ify6y Cu 38941fku28ify6y toate 38941fku28ify6y acestea, 38941fku28ify6y monopolul 38941fku28ify6y impus 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y institutiile 38941fku28ify6y publice 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y putut 38941fku28ify6y fi 38941fku28ify6y desfiintat, 38941fku28ify6y sistemul 38941fku28ify6y public 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y ocrotire 38941fku28ify6y rezidentiala 38941fku28ify6y demonstrand 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y mare 38941fku28ify6y rezistenta 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y schimbari 38941fku28ify6y structurale.

38941fku28ify6y

3. 38941fku28ify6y ADOPTIA

38941fku28ify6y

38941fku28ify6y

Adoptia 38941fku28ify6y este 38941fku28ify6y unul 38941fku28ify6y dintre 38941fku28ify6y instrumentele 38941fku28ify6y esentiale 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y protectie 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y drepturilor 38941fku28ify6y copilului, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y perspectiva 38941fku28ify6y asigurarii 38941fku28ify6y unei 38941fku28ify6y familii 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y fiecare 38941fku28ify6y copil. 38941fku28ify6y Spre 38941fku28ify6y deosebire 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y familia 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y plasament, 38941fku28ify6y familia 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y adopta 38941fku28ify6y un 38941fku28ify6y copil 38941fku28ify6y devine 38941fku28ify6y familia 38941fku28ify6y copilului, 38941fku28ify6y acesta 38941fku28ify6y ne 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y intorcandu-se 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y familia 38941fku28ify6y biologica. 38941fku28ify6y Statutul 38941fku28ify6y copilului 38941fku28ify6y adoptat 38941fku28ify6y ii 38941fku28ify6y confera 38941fku28ify6y acestuia 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y numai 38941fku28ify6y siguranta, 38941fku28ify6y dar 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y ales 38941fku28ify6y stabilitate 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y continuitate 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y viata 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y dezvoltare 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y noua 38941fku28ify6y familie. 38941fku28ify6y In 38941fku28ify6y consecinta, 38941fku28ify6y adoptia 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y reprezinta 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y modalitate 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y protectie 38941fku28ify6y temporara, 38941fku28ify6y alternativa 38941fku28ify6y ocrotirii 38941fku28ify6y rezidentiale, 38941fku28ify6y ci 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y mult 38941fku28ify6y decat 38941fku28ify6y atat, 38941fku28ify6y inseamna 38941fku28ify6y asigurarea 38941fku28ify6y unei 38941fku28ify6y familii 38941fku28ify6y permanente 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y copilul 38941fku28ify6y adoptat.

In 38941fku28ify6y Romania 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y exista 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y traditie 38941fku28ify6y reala 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y ceea 38941fku28ify6y ce 38941fku28ify6y priveste 38941fku28ify6y adoptia 38941fku28ify6y copiilor, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y sensul 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y numarul 38941fku28ify6y copiilor 38941fku28ify6y implicati 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y aceasta 38941fku28ify6y forma 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y protectie 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fost, 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y timp, 38941fku28ify6y mult 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y mic 38941fku28ify6y decat 38941fku28ify6y numarul 38941fku28ify6y copiilor 38941fku28ify6y institutionalizati. 38941fku28ify6y Printre 38941fku28ify6y cauzele 38941fku28ify6y acestei 38941fku28ify6y realitati 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y ultimul 38941fku28ify6y rand 38941fku28ify6y se 38941fku28ify6y numara 38941fku28ify6y inexistenta, 38941fku28ify6y pana 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y anul 38941fku28ify6y 1993, 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y definirii 38941fku28ify6y abandonului 38941fku28ify6y legal 38941fku28ify6y al 38941fku28ify6y copilului.

Un 38941fku28ify6y caz 38941fku28ify6y aparte 38941fku28ify6y il 38941fku28ify6y constituie 38941fku28ify6y adoptiile 38941fku28ify6y internationale.La 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y cerere 38941fku28ify6y foarte 38941fku28ify6y mare 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y adoptie 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y plan 38941fku28ify6y international, 38941fku28ify6y oferta 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y Romania 38941fku28ify6y dupa 38941fku28ify6y 1989 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y intens 38941fku28ify6y valorificata, 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y atat 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y mult 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y cat 38941fku28ify6y reglementarile 38941fku28ify6y interne 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y acest 38941fku28ify6y domeniu 38941fku28ify6y erau 38941fku28ify6y practic 38941fku28ify6y inexistente. 38941fku28ify6y Astfel, 38941fku28ify6y intr-un 38941fku28ify6y an, 38941fku28ify6y circa 38941fku28ify6y 10.000 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y copii 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y adoptati 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y familii 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y strainatate, 38941fku28ify6y soarta 38941fku28ify6y acestora 38941fku28ify6y fiind 38941fku28ify6y astazi 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y mult 38941fku28ify6y sau 38941fku28ify6y mai 38941fku28ify6y putin 38941fku28ify6y cunoscuta.

Ca 38941fku28ify6y raspuns 38941fku28ify6y la 38941fku28ify6y aceasta 38941fku28ify6y situatie, 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y adoptata 38941fku28ify6y Legea 38941fku28ify6y 11/1990 38941fku28ify6y privind 38941fku28ify6y incuviintarea 38941fku28ify6y adoptiei 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y creat 38941fku28ify6y Consiliul 38941fku28ify6y Roman 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y Adoptii, 38941fku28ify6y ca 38941fku28ify6y autoritate 38941fku28ify6y guvernamentala 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y domeniu.Desi 38941fku28ify6y legea 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y amendata 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y mod 38941fku28ify6y repetat 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y consecinta, 38941fku28ify6y rolul 38941fku28ify6y Comitetului 38941fku28ify6y Roman 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y Adoptii 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y fost 38941fku28ify6y intarit, 38941fku28ify6y neclaritatile 38941fku28ify6y sistemului 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y perpetuat 38941fku28ify6y ocolirea 38941fku28ify6y autoritatii 38941fku28ify6y guvernamentale 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y dirijarea 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y monitorizarea 38941fku28ify6y adoptiilor 38941fku28ify6y internationale. 38941fku28ify6y Nici 38941fku28ify6y ratificarea 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y catre 38941fku28ify6y Romania 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y doua 38941fku28ify6y conventii 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y materie 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y adoptii 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y schimbat 38941fku28ify6y situatia.Astfel, 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y 891 38941fku28ify6y adoptii 38941fku28ify6y internationale 38941fku28ify6y incuviintate 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y 1993, 38941fku28ify6y numai 38941fku28ify6y 500 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y avut 38941fku28ify6y avizul 38941fku28ify6y Comitetului 38941fku28ify6y Roman 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y Adoptii. 38941fku28ify6y In 38941fku28ify6y cursul 38941fku28ify6y primelor 38941fku28ify6y sase 38941fku28ify6y luni 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y 1994, 38941fku28ify6y din 38941fku28ify6y 1.000 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y adoptii 38941fku28ify6y incuviintate 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y tribunal, 38941fku28ify6y numai 38941fku28ify6y 378 38941fku28ify6y trecusera 38941fku28ify6y prin 38941fku28ify6y comitetul 38941fku28ify6y Roman 38941fku28ify6y pentru 38941fku28ify6y Adoptii.

Desi 38941fku28ify6y numarul 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y adoptii 38941fku28ify6y romanesti 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y crescut 38941fku28ify6y incepand 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y anul 38941fku28ify6y 1991, 38941fku28ify6y au 38941fku28ify6y existat 38941fku28ify6y multe 38941fku28ify6y plangeri 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y legatura 38941fku28ify6y cu 38941fku28ify6y birocratia 38941fku28ify6y si 38941fku28ify6y atitudinea 38941fku28ify6y unor 38941fku28ify6y functionari 38941fku28ify6y implicati 38941fku28ify6y in 38941fku28ify6y procesul 38941fku28ify6y adoptarii 38941fku28ify6y unui 38941fku28ify6y copil, 38941fku28ify6y fapt 38941fku28ify6y care 38941fku28ify6y descurajeaza 38941fku28ify6y pe 38941fku28ify6y multi 38941fku28ify6y posibili 38941fku28ify6y adoptatori. 38941fku28ify6y In 38941fku28ify6y general, 38941fku28ify6y pana 38941fku28ify6y acum 38941fku28ify6y nu 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y existat 38941fku28ify6y o 38941fku28ify6y politica 38941fku28ify6y activa, 38941fku28ify6y coerenta, 38941fku28ify6y de 38941fku28ify6y promovare 38941fku28ify6y a 38941fku28ify6y adoptiei 38941fku28ify6y nationale. 38941fku28ify6y 38941fku28ify6y










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