Rephrasing(rezolvate) referat



Rephrase the following sentences so as the meaning stays the same:

1

1.She didn’t seem very enthusiastic about the idea.

She showed no enthusiasm for the idea/little enthusiasm.

2.The news was so wonderful that we decided to have a celebration. 25697umq54hdk4z

It was such wonderful news that we decided to have a celebration.

3.I enjoy playing golf much more than watching it.

I prefer playing golf to watching it.

4.We haven’t had snow in this part of the country for more than a year. md697u5254hddk

It’s over a year since we last had snow.

5.In your position I should complain to the manager.

If I were you I would complain to the manager.

6.I shouldn’t have told them about it last night.

I wish I hadn’t told them about it.

2

1.”Wthat’s your name and where do you come from?” he inquired.

He asked her what her name was and where come from.

2.It is possible for him to be late.

He might be late.

3.Because the weather was fine we went on a trip.

The weather being fine we went on a trip.

4.They didn’t invite her because they were still angry with her.

If they

5.”We believe you should start leaning”.

It’s high time for you to learn.

6.Perhaps Ann was not informed about what had happened.

Ann might have not been informed.

3

1.People believe that Nick is the best D.J. in town.

Nick is believed to be the best D.J. in town.

2.Mother has sent him a big parcel.

A big parcel was sent to him from his mother.

3.”I don’t want you to leave”, he told her.

He told her he didn’t want her to leave.

4.It is unlikely that she believed him.

She can’t have believed him/might have not believed it.

5.It is a pity you couldn’t come.

I wish you had been able to come.

6.Mike haven’t spoken English for ages.

It’s ages since Mike last spoke English.

4

1.”Where is the lawyer, I must talk to him”.

He insisted in talking to the lawyer.

2.They had given me a bunch of flowers.

A bunch of flowers had been given to me.

3.Mary doesn’t think that he is such a bad guy.

He isn’t thought to be such a bad guy.

4.His car was not repaired so he had an accident.

If his car had been repaired he wouldn’t have the accident.

5.The students will ask the visitor some questions.

The visitor will be asked some questions.

6.Perhaps he is watching television.

He might be watching television.

5

1.I couldn’t buy the book because I had no money.

If I had had the money I could have bought the book.

2.They prefer going on a trip to watching television.

They would rather go on a trip than watch television.

3.The lecturer addressed the audience in English.

The audience was addressed in English by the lecturers.

4.Bill wouldn’t write the report and Mary wouldn’t either.

Neither Bill nor Marry would write the report.

5.You must answer all the questions.

I insist that you should answer all the questions.

6.I am quite sure he forgot to tell me to come.

He must have forgotten.

6

1.I have been working on the project for more than a month.

It is over a month since I have been working at the project.

2.George asked her: “Will you come to the cinema with us?”

George inquired weather she would go to the cinema with them.

3.Probably it was already late.

It has been already late.

4.Jane lost her bag because she was in a hurry.

If she hadn’t been in a hurry she wouldn’t lost her bag.

5.As Peter won the match he was very happy.

Peter was very happy because he won the match/he had won.

6.If you behave like that people will avoid you.

The more you behave like that people will avoid you.

7

1.They gave us a lot of work.

A lot of work was given to us.

2.”George and Ann must study harder”, the teacher said.

The teacher insisted on George and Ann studying more”.

3.It is impossible for her to arrive on time.

She can’t arrive in time.

4.”Who wants to know that”, he asked.

He asked who wanted to know that.

5.She works a lot and she is very tired.

The more she works the more tired she is.

6.She has been working on this farm for ages.

It has been ages since she had been working on this farm.

8

1.Someone broke into my flat while I was away.

My flat was broken into while I was away.

2.If you eat so many cakes you will get fat.

The more cakes you eat the fatter you will get.

3.Perhaps John is busy today.

John might be busy today.

4.It is necessary for us to leave at once.

We must leave at once.

5.”Wthat has happened this morning?”

They inquired what had happened that morning.

6.I couldn’t enter the house because I had lost my key.

If I hadn’t lost my key I could have entered the house.

9

1.You are asking these questions because you didn’t listen to me.

If you had listened to me you wouldn’t be asking those questions.

2.I will certainly not be promoted this year.

There is no doubt that I won’t be promoted this year.

3.It wasn’t easy for me to make such a decision.

This was a hard decision for me to make.

4.They sent us all the documents in time.

We were sent all the documents in time.

5.Perhaps he was ill if he didn’t come.

He might have been ill if he hadn’t come.

6.”Wthat are you going to do?” they asked him.

He was asked what was he going to do.

10

1.It is possible for him to leave for Australia.

He might leave for Australia.

2.The teacher will ask you to tell the truth.

You will be asked to tell the truth by the teacher.

3.I told her she had good taste in music.

I complimented her on her good taste she had in music.

4.”Where have you been?” she asked her boy.

She asked her boy where he had been.

5.I’ll solve this problem for you.

Leave this problem for me to solve.

6.Perhaps they were right.

They might have been right.

11

1.”Wthat are you doing here?”

She asked him what was he doing there.

2.He was strongly opposed to her policy for years.

It is years since he has strongly opposed to her policy for years.

3.You could be more careful.

It’s high time for you to be more careful.

4.Perhaps it was late.

It might have been late.

5.As she hasn’t been there before she is very happy.

Not being there before she is very happy.

6.I do not want to discuss this matter any more.

This matter is not to be discussed any more/shouldn’t be discussed any more.

12

Only one form is correct, choose it and complete the sentences:

1.I (A) have visited/(B) will visit the museum this week

A. have visited B. will visit

C. visited D. visit

2.This time next week I (C) will be sitting in this office.

A. will sit B. sit

C. will be sitting D. sat

3.They couldn’t (C) do it.

A. did B. have done

C. do D. had done

4.Ann hates (C) going there every day.

A. to go B. to have gone

C. going D. having gone

5.We all (A) drink tea.

A. drink B. are drinking

C. will drink D. have drunk

6.She (B) had never had any idea what he was like.

She (C) will never have any idea what he was like.

A. has had B. had had

C. will have D. would have

Rephrase the following sentences so as the meaning stays the same:

13

1.From London to Birmingham by road is a long and difficult trip.

It is difficult to get from London to Birmingham by road.

2.I am very frighten to make a long speech.

Making a long speech frightens me.

3.You should start learn more.

It’s high time for you to start learning more.

4.I started learning English when I was in kindergarten.

It’s since I was in kindergarten that I have been learning English.

5.It is necessary for him to go there.

He must go there.

6.She will always be angry that he lied to her then.

She will never forgive him for having lied to her then.

14

1.I asked her to do it.

She was asked to do it.

2.The writer has written a very nice novel.

A very nice novel has been written by the writer.

3.I owe it to him that I was promoted so rapidly.

I owe my rapid promotion to him.

4.I’ll leave it to which book we choose.

I’ll leave the choice of the book to you.

5.You should tell him the whole truth.

It’s high time for you to tell him all the truth.

6.”Wthat do you intend to do?” he asked us.

He asked us what we intended to do.

15

1.The loss of his job turned up to be a good thing.

It turned out that the lost of his job was a very good thing.

2.Mother has knitted a very nice dress.

A very nice dress was knitted for me (by my mother).

3.But for Herr I wouldn’t have succeeded.

If it hadn’t be for Herr I wouldn’t have succeeded.

4.You are making too much noise.

I’d rather you weren’t making so much noise.

5.I didn’t know you were in town.

I wish I had known you were in town.

6.Neither Tom nor Mary failed the exam.

Tom didn’t fail and neither did Mary.

Tom didn’t fail and Mary didn’t either.

16

1.I couldn’t lend him the money because I didn’t have enough.

I was not in the position of lending him the money.

2.You will not learn anything new from this course.

While attending this course you won’t learn anything new.

3.The theft was certainly committed by professional thieves.

There is no doubt about the theft being committed by professional thieves.

4.I accepted the job because I didn’t have any other alternative.

Not having any other alternative I accepted the job.

5.They have already sent for a doctor.

A doctor has already been sent for.

6.It is a pity they couldn’t come.

I wish they had come.

I wish they had been able to come.

17

1.I shouldn’t have told her anything.

I wish I hadn’t told her anything.

2.In your position I’d complain to the manager.

If I were you I would complain to the manager.

3.It’s getting late, we had better go home now.

It’s time for us to go home.

It’s time we left home now.

It’s time to go.

4.It is advisable for young people to practice sports.

Young people should practice sports.

5.He will answer your letter only when he gets it.

If he gets your letter he will answer it.

6.It is possible that they are in the library.

They might be in the library.

18

1.Is anybody taking care of this child?

Is this child being taken care of anybody?

2.I’d prefer you to leave earlier.

I’d rather you left earlier.

3.Cars are more expensive than they used to be.

The price of cars has gone up.

4.When they got to the station the train had already left.

By the time they got to the station the train had already left.

5.It is possible that George will not come this afternoon.

George might not come this afternoon.

6.I would like you to speak a little louder.

Would you mind speaking a little louder.

19

1.Alex is the best chess player in our class.

Nobody is better at chess than Alex.

2.The weather is so bad that we cannot leave the house.

If it weren’t for the weather we could leave the home.

3.The fox was chasing the rabbit.

The rabbit was being chase by the fox.

4.He is certainly lying in his bedroom.

He must be lying in his bedroom.

5.Her clothes are much more expensive than mine.

My clothes are much cheaper than hers.

6.They gave the teacher a beautiful painting.

The teacher was given a beautiful painting.

20

1.They didn’t do it. It is impossible.

They couldn’t have done it.

2.She has a big house and she cannot manage it.

Her house is too big to be managed.

Her house is too big for her to manage it.

3.He didn’t find a taxi and so he missed the train.

If he had found a taxi he wouldn’t have missed the train.

4.You have remembered my favourite color!

How kind of you to remember my favourite color.

5.Why didn’t you tell me the truth?

You should have told the truth.

6.Your friend is a smart boy.

What a smart boy is your friend!

21

Put the verbs in brackets in the right tense:

1.Why you (watch) television instead of (do) your homework.

Why are you watching television instead of doing your homework.

2.If you only (stop) that noise! Don’t you see I (study)?

If you only stoped that noise! Don’t you see I’m studying?

3.The team (not lose) the match if Tom (not break) his leg last week.

The team wouldn’t have lost the match if Tom hadn’t broken his leg last week.

4.It (be) more than five years since I last (see) him.

It is more than five years since I last saw him.

5.Hardly we (get on) the train when it (start).

Hardly had we got on the train when it started.

6.They’d rather Nick (stop) seeing that awful girl.

They’d rather Nick stopped seeing that awful girl.

22

Rephrase the following sentences so as the meaning stays the same:

1.”When did they call you?” Tom’s sister asked him.

Tom’s sister inquired when they had called him.

2.Mathematics is a harder subject than History.

History is an easier subject than Mathematics.

3.Tou must be eighteen years old in order to get a drinking license.

You cannot get a drinking license unless you are eighteen.

You cannot get a drinking license before you are eighteen.

4.I didn’t go on the trip because I was busy.

If I hadn’t been busy I would go on the trip.

5.Who painted your house?

Who was the one that painted your house?

6.I haven’t seen such a good play for years.

It’s years since I last saw such a good play.

23

Only one of the verb forms that follow each sentence is correct. Point it out.

1.It (B) has been snowing all week.

A. is snowing B. has been snowing

C. snows

2.Hardly had I entered the room when I (B) saw her.

A. had seen B. saw

C. has seen

3.While she was watching television, he (C) was reading a newspaper.

A. is reading B. reads

C. was reading

4.We (C) have been working at this company for years.

A. work B. worked

C. have been working

5.After we (A) finish our exams, we’ll go to the seaside.

A. finish B. finished

C. will finish

6.If you (A) finished reading the book, I would like to borrow it.

A. finished B. have finished

C. had finished

24

Use modal verbs: can, can’t, might, may, must and should, to rephrase the following sentences:

1.It is very cold here sometimes, you know.

You should buy a central heat cup.

2.It is possible to be snowing in the mountains.

It may be snowing in the mountains.

3.I wouldn’t smoke so much if I were you.

You should smoke less.

4.Perhaps this is the key. The other two don’t fit.

This might be the key.

5.He is so late! I’m sure something has happened to him.

Something must have happened to him.

6.It is impossible for her to be here on time.

She can’t be here on time.

25

Add the necessary tag questions of the following sentences:

Model: It can’t have been him, can it?

1.He can never behave properly, can’t he?

2.Both of them are good, aren’t they?

3.They have to be leaving now, don’t they?

4.Come whenever you like, will you?

5.Let’s stay at home tonight, shall we?

6.You hardly ever go to the cinema, do you?

26

Finish the following sentences so as to make sense:

1.They promised they’d come as soon as they had finish.

2.I so much regret what happened last night.

3.Mary insisted on going on the trip too.

4.If it hadn’t rain, we could have played football in the schoolyard.

5.This is an awful restaurant, I wish I would eat (we had/were gone) somewhere else.

6.It’s about two weeks since I last saw him.

27

Complete each sentence whit a suitable word or phrase:

1.But for Helen, I wouldn’t have passed my exams.

2.You might have told the truth, but I still don’t believe you.

You might be telling the truth, but I still don’t believe you.

3.Tom sometimes behaves as if he were crazy.

4.I didn’t know you were in Bucharest. When did you come?

5.The accident was caused because of the drivers' carelessness.

6.I’d rather the children didn’t watch television all day.

28

Change the following sentences from active to passive voice.

1.You must finish your papers in a week.

The papers must be finished in a week.

2.Rembrandt couldn’t have painted this.

That couldn’t have been painted by Rembrandt.

3.I don’t know who stole my bike.

(I don’t know who my bike was stolen by.)

My bike was stolen by I don’t know whom.

4.Who has written this poem? It’s good.

Who was this poem written by?

5.They had already laid the table before we got there.

The table had been already laid.

6.They bought Mary a new dress for the party.

Mary was brought a new dress.

A new dress for the party was brought to Mary.

 

29

Complete the following sentences. Use indirect speech.

1.”Who is that boy?”

I had no idea who that boy was.

2.”Why haven’t you told me before?”

I asked her why she hadn’t told me before.

3.”How well can you speak English?”

She wanted to know how well we speak English.

4.”He left two hours ago”

She didn’t know when he had left.

5.”It’s five years since we have known each other.

They said it was five years since they have known each other.

6.”What will he say next?”

She wondered what she would say.

30

Chose the correct form of the underlined words in each sentence:

1.Where are/is my money? They’re/it’s there on the top shelf.

Where is my money? It’s there on the top shelf.

2.No sooner I got /had I got home that/when the phone rang.

No sooner had I got home that the phone rang.

3.I didn’t really know what will/would become of him in the future.

I didn’t really know what would become of him in the future.

4.None of your friends has called, has he/have they?

None of your friends has called, have they?

5.Will you do/make me a favour?

Will you do/make me a favour?

6.Must we type our papers, sir? No you mustn’t/needn’t.

Must we type our papers, sir? No you needn’t.











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