The Old Man and the Sea - Ernest Hemingway referat





The Old Man and the Sea

from Ernest Hemingway





Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, in 1899, and began his writing career for The Kansas City Star in 1917. During the First World War he volunteered as an ambulance driver on the Italian front but was sent home, having been seriously wounded while serving with the infantry. In 1921 Hemingway settled in Paris, where he became part of the expatriate circle of Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ezra Pound. and Ford Madox Ford. With the appearance of The Sun Also Rises in 1926, Hemingway became not only the voice of the “lost generation” but the pre-eminent writer of his time. This was followed by his novel of the Italian front, A Farewell to Arms (1929). In the 1930s, Hemingway settled in Key West, and later in Cuba, but he travelled widely – to Spain, Italy and Africa. Later he reported on the Spanish Civil War, which became the background for his brilliant novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1939), hunted U-boats in the Caribbean and covered the European front during the Second World War. Hemingway’s most popular work, The Old Man and the Sea, was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Literature “for his powerful style forming mastery of the art of narration”. One of the most important influences on the development of the short story and novel in American fiction, Hemingway has seized the imagination of the American public like no other twentieth-century author. He died, by suicide, in Ketchum, Idaho, in 1961. His other major works include To Have and Have not (1937), Across the River and Into the Trees (1950) and posthumously, A Moveable Feast (1964), Islands in the Stream (1970), The Dangerous Summer (1985) and The Garden of Eden (1986).


The Story


An old man fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream, but he had gone eighty-four days without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had always been with him. But after that the boy’s parents had told him to go with another boat which was luckier. The boy was very sad about it but he had to obey. Every evening he went to the old man to help him carry the lines or the harpoon. The boy called Manolin also made sure that the old man had something to eat and to drink.


When the old man woke up, he dressed and went to wake the boy. Afterwards they walked down the road carrying the masts of their boat. They lifted the skiff and slid it into the water.


On the day of his biggest catch the old man rowed alone for hours. The sun began to rise and the water was dark and blue.




Suddenly he felt a strong pull and he remarked that a huge fish was hanging on the line. The heaviest and biggest fish he had ever seen was caught. The old man held the line against his back but the fish was so strong that he pulled the whole boat steadily away. The next day and the whole night the old man did not dare to sleep. His hands were stiff and hurt from holding the line but he did not give up. In a big fight the old man was able to kill the huge fish and he bound him alongside with a rope.


When sailing homewards the old man was very proud and happy. But it didn´t take long that a big shark came to get a piece of the dead fish. With a harpoon and all his strength he killed the shark but he knew that many other sharks would come now. And so it was. When he reached the shore, only the giant skeleton of the fish was left.


He was very disappointed, because He had won and lost the biggest fight of his life. But this Struggle brought him the respect of the other fishers. The skeleton of the fish was 18 feet long.


The hands of the old man were in a bad condition and he had lost his harpoons and knives when fighting against the sharks. But at the end Manolin, the young boy, helped the old man and planed to sail with him again.


Main Characters


Santiago - The main character is an old and very experienced Cuban fisherman. Despite his age he has young eyes and great determination to catch the marlin. Santiago has a lot of pain while he is trying to catches the marlin but with his determination he never let go and catch the fish.


Manolin - A young boy, who admires Santiago and learned to fish from him. The boy cares for Santiago and refuse to let him ever fish alone again.


personal opinion:

On the one hand I like this book, because I am interested in fishing and the battle between the old man and the fish was great. But on the other hand I do not like this book, because some pages are extremely boring and I think that the end is not so good; it would be better if there were a good ending.












Copyright © Contact | Trimite referat


Ultimele referate adaugate
Mihai Beniuc
   - Mihai beniuc - „poezii"
Mihai Eminescu Mihai Eminescu
   - Mihai eminescu - student la berlin
Mircea Eliade Mircea Eliade
   - Mircea Eliade - Mioara Nazdravana (mioriţa)
Vasile Alecsandri Vasile Alecsandri
   - Chirita in provintie de Vasile Alecsandri -expunerea subiectului
Emil Girlenu Emil Girlenu
   - Dragoste de viata de Jack London
Ion Luca Caragiale Ion Luca Caragiale
   - Triumful talentului… (reproducere) de Ion Luca Caragiale
Mircea Eliade Mircea Eliade
   - Fantasticul in proza lui Mircea Eliade - La tiganci
Mihai Eminescu Mihai Eminescu
   - „Personalitate creatoare” si „figura a spiritului creator” eminescian
George Calinescu George Calinescu
   - Enigma Otiliei de George Calinescu - geneza, subiectul si tema romanului
Liviu Rebreanu Liviu Rebreanu
   - Arta literara in romanul Ion, - Liviu Rebreanu











Scriitori romani