The Outback referat





The Outback

 The Outback is the hottest and dryest teritory in Australia. It is square kilometres big. The dayly temperature is °C. Just a few humans are living there, like the Aborigenees. They are Asian decent.


In some places are cattle stations, where humans breed animals.

In Westaustralia were many camel stations, which existed for fifty years. In 1860 up to 1907 'workcamels' were imported from Pakistan and India to Australia. But the bred camels were better than the imported.

Camlefarms are still existing today.


Kangaroos, which live in the outback, burrow a hole into the ground and lie in those. That protect the animals of the heat. These holes have another feature, too. Leaves could store and when it rains it can be filled with water. Kangaroos leave po in the holes, this activates the fouling process and is a good biotop for plants.


Cooper Pedy is an underground city and opal mine. There is a hotel named Mud Hut Hotel and every tourist has the same life standards as at home. In Cooper Pedy are shops, cinemas, opal sales, and so on, all you need for life. The underground citis situated 10 hours by car north of Adelaide and 6 hours drive south of Alice Springs. It's sourrounded by the world's richest opal field, which was first discovered in 1915!



The privately mined opal field now extends to many hundreds of square kilometres around Cooper Pedy.

The 'Cooper Pedy' is the most worn hat in Australia, it is produced in Cooper Pedy.


Ayer's Rock or Uluru in Aboriginal language is in the outback, too. The Uluru was a mountainchain for a long time and it's the biggest monolith of the world today. Most of his body is still bury. Aborigines call him 'the red heart', because it has iron in the sandstones. Sometimes it's colored like fire.

The images at the walls were from the Aborigines and these images were around 30000 years old.












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