San Francisco referat





San Francisco

Report about San Francisco I want to tell you everything about the most important attractions of San Francisco, and I will start with the Golden Gate Bridge. The Golden Gate Bridge is the connection between the Pacific Ozean and the San Francisco Bay. It was built in 1937. It’s 67m high and 2739m long. In the past many people who have considered to commit suicide, jumped off the Golden Gate Bridge. Nowadays it’s secured with a higher fence. There’s permanently a lot of traffic on this bridge. When you drive across the bridge southbound, you have to pay $2 toll. The drive northbound is free of charge. 1872 Earliest discussion of building a bridge across the Golden Gate Strait. May 25, 1923 The State Legislature passes the Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District Act of California into law. December 4, 1928 Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District is incorporated as the entity to design, construct, and finance the Golden Gate Bridge. The District includes the counties of San Francisco, Marin, Sonoma, Del Norte, Mendocino and Napa. August 27, 1930 Joseph B. Strauss submits his final plans for the Golden Gate Bridge to the District Board of Directors. November 4, 1930 Voters within the 6 counties of the District approve a $35 million bond issue to finance construction of the Golden Gate Bridge. The vote is 145,657 YES and 46,954 NO. On January 5, 1933, Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins. Opening Day on the Golden Gate BridgePhoto copyright © Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District. All Rights Reserved. May 27, 1937 Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic. May 28, 1937 Golden Gate Bridge opens to vehicular traffic at twelve o'clock noon, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressed a telegraph key in the White House to announce the event to the world. The Bridge opened ahead of schedule and under budget. November 10, 1969 The California State Legislature passed Assembly Bill 584 authorizing the District to develop a transportation facility plan for implementing a mass transportation program in the Golden Gate Corridor. This was to include any and all forms of transit, including ferry. At that time, the word 'Transportation' was added to the District name to indicate its new commitment to public transportation. August 15, 1970 Golden Gate Ferry begins service between Sausalito and San Francisco. July 1, 1971 The remaining original bonds issued for the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge are retired. The $35 million in principal and nearly $39 million in interest were financed entirely from Bridge tolls. January 1, 1972 Golden Gate Transit service begins. December 11, 1976 Golden Gate Ferry service expands to include service between Larkspur and San Francisco. February 22, 1985 One billionth car crosses the Golden Gate Bridge. August 15, 1985 Construction is complete on the replacement of the original Golden Gate Bridge roadway with a modern orthotropic steel plate deck. May 24, 1987 Golden Gate Bridge celebrates its 50th Anniversary. February 16, 1994 The Golden Gate Bridge named one of the 'Seven Wonders of the Modern World' by the American Society of Civil Engineers, along with the Hoover Dam, Interstate Highway System, Kennedy Space Center, Panama Canal, Trans-Alaska Pipeline and world Trade Center. October 1993 In recognition of 'enduring excellence in design,' the Society of American Registered Architects (SARA) honored the Golden Gate Bridge with its 'Distinguished Building Award.' For the first time in SARA's history, the Distinguished Building Award was presented to a structure other than a building. The Golden Gate Bridge was honored because of its 'impact on the city, design, economic value, cultural statement, engineering accomplishment and contribution to the overall furtherance of the region.' The award commended the work of Bridge Architect Irving Morrow, Chief Engineer Joseph Strauss and the Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District. August 15, 1995 Golden Gate Ferry celebrates 25th Anniversary. September 13, 1996 Golden Gate Bridge designated a double-fine-zone. January 1, 1997 Golden Gate Transit celebrates 25th Anniversary. May 27, 1997 Golden Gate Bridge celebrates 60th Anniversary. August 5, 1997 Groundbreaking ceremony held for Phase I of the Seismic Retrofit Construction on the Golden Gate Bridge. September 3, 1998 United States Postal Service unveils Golden Gate Bridge commemorative stamp. March 1999 The Golden Gate Bridge awarded the number two position in the Top 10 Construction Achievements of the 20th Century by CONEXPO-CON/AGG. The Top 10 Rankings were: Chunnel Tunnel; Golden Gate Bridge; Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways; Empire State Building; Hoover/Boulder Dam; Panama Canal; Sydney Opera House; Aswan High Dam; World Trade Center; and, the Hong Kong Airport. July 13, 2000 FasTrak electronic toll collection launched on the Golden Gate Bridge. July 1, 2001 $2.67 discount toll for FasTrak customers eliminated. May 27, 2002 Golden Gate Bridge turns 65 years old. September 1, 2002 New Bridge toll rates: $5.00 cash, $4.00 FasTrak and $2.50 per axle (for vehicles exceeding two axles)















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