Blacks in America referat





Blacks in America

1619

The first 20 Africans are brought to work as "servants" in Jamestown, Virginia. During the next hundred years thousands more are brought as slaves to work on the tobacco and cotton fields in the South.

1808

Congress passes a law making it illegal to import slaves, but it is generally ignored. 26667pbd54gqu8k

1820

Slavery is declared legal in the South, but illegal in all states north of Missouri.

1861

Abraham Lincoln becomes President of the United States. the number of slaves in bq667p6254gqqu

the USA has reached 4 million. Eleven southern "slave" states leave the Union,




afraid that Abraham Lincoln will abolish slavery, which is the basis of their

economy. The Civil War breaks out.

1865

The North defeats the South. Slaves are freed throughout the nation.

1868

Blacks offically become American citizens. But it is made difficult if not impossible

for blacks to vote in the South.

1896

The Supreme Court says any state can have facilities for blacks and whites, as long as

they are "separate, but equal". In some southern states there are separate schools

for blacks and whites, separate theathres, restaurants, hotels, taxis, and seats on buses.

From 1919 on

Thousands of blacks move to the cities in the North, looking for work.

1954

The Supreme Court changes its 1896 decision and orders every state to desegregate its schools. Some areas in the South don´t accept this.

1963

Dr Martin Luther King leads 250,000 people to Washington, D.C. in the largest protest march in US history so far. His speech marks a climax of the Civil Rights movement. Civil Roghts leaders meet President Kennedy in the white house.



1964

Congree passes a Civil Rights law, which makes discrimmination illegal in hotels, restaurants and important fields of employment.

1965

Congess ends voting discrimmination, so that all blacks are finally able to vote.

1968

Martin Luther King in assassinated. Riots break out in major American cities.

1973

For the first time, a black becomes mayor of a large city. Thomas Bradley is elected mayor of Los Angeles.

1987

Yvonne Miller becomes Virginia´s first black female senator.

1988

Jesse Jackson is the first black with a serious chance of being chosen as a candidate for President.

1990

Douglas Wilder, grandson of slaves , becomes Governor of Virginia. he is the first black governor in US history.











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