everybody. I’d like to talk to you about Melbourne.
Melbourne is a very interesting city, and that’s
why I have chosen Melbourne
for my presentation.
divided my talk into few parts. First I’d like to give you a few facts about Melbourne. Then I’m going
to talk about the history of Melbourne.
Later I will say a few words about Melbourne’s
cultural and ethnic diversity. And last but not least I want to describe some
sights and attractions of Melbourne.
Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia and the capital of the south eastern
state of Victoria.
It covers an area of 7.280 sq kilometres and is home to 3.2 million people from
diverse backgrounds and interests. The city is divided into two parts by the Yarra River.
In the North and West of Melbourne there are the working areas, in the South
and East the living areas.
climate of Melbourne
is temperate, with typical daily maximums temperatures ranging from a winter
low of about 13 degrees Celsius to summer high of around 35 degrees Celsius.
government of the City of Melbourne is the
Melbourne City Council, which, as Victoria’s
capital city, speaks on behalf of all Melbourne
in local, national and international forums. The Lord Mayer in Melbourne is John So and the Deputy Lord
Mayer is Susan Riley. The City of Melbourne
is committed to ensuring that it’s one of the safest, healthiest and cleanest
cities in the world. In 1994 Melbourne
was voted as 'the worlds’ most liveable city'. As a 'City for
the Arts' Melbourne
is the leader in cultural activities in the Asia-Pacific region. It’s also the
Event Capital of Australia, with the Australian Open, the Australian Formula 1
Grand Prix and the Melbourne Cup (a world famous horse race). Melbourne has many attractions but no main
turn to the history of Melbourne!
people who lived in Melbourne
were the Aborigines. In1835 some white settlers arrived. They took land from the
Aborigines and established settlements. In 1836 Captain William Lonsdale
arrived to become police magistrate for the new settlement which was
established from John Pascoe Fawkner. The new settlement was named after the
British Prime Minister at that time: Lord Melbourne. In 1842 Melbourne became a town. It had a population
of about 10,000 people .In the 1850s gold was discovered. During the gold rush Melbourne became the fastest growing city of the British Empire. With the discovery of gold came great wealth
In 1861 Melbourne became the largest city in Australia. By
1881,however, the boom was over and a devastating depression started and many
businesses had to close down. A few years later, in 1901 the opening of the
first session of the Commonwealth Parliament was held in the Exhibition Building.
At that time the population reaches 1.5 million. From then on Melbourne
was the capital of Australia
till 1927 when Canberra
was built. Today it’s the second largest city in Australia.
like to talk about Melbourne’s
cultural and ethnic diversity:
second world war many people left their native country to start a new life in Australia where
they believed that they could have a better future. Melbourne was expanding its manufacturing industries
and this is where many newly arrived people found work. Others found work in
new motor vehicle factories but often these people had qualifications from
their own country which were not accepted in Australia. In the 1950s and early
1960s many Chinese arrived. They had their own area Chinatown
like in other big cities, too. At the same time many Italians and Greeks
arrived. In the1970s people from Turkey
and Middle-Eastern countries came to Melbourne.
Today more than 140 nations live in Melbourne,
which has become a multicultural city.
look at some sights and main attractions of Melbourne:
start with one of the bigger sights. The Rialto Tower:
tallest building (253 metres) in the southern hemisphere and a must see. It was
built in the mid-1980’s and it is the third highest reinforced concrete
building in the world. From the top of the Rialto
Tower you have a wonderful view about Melbourne.
attraction is Flinders Street Railway Station with its trams. Flinders Station
is the oldest city station in Australia.
It was built in 1854. Its 700 metre main platform is the longest in the
country. The station is at the heart of Melbourne’s
extensive suburban rail system. Melbourne
also loves its electric trams. It’s the only city in Australia which still has them as a
public transport system.
two attractions are in the south of Melbourne.
It’s the Crown Casino Entertainment Complex and the Exhibition Centre. The
Crown Casino is the centre of Melbourne
nightlife and entertainment. It was opened in 2000. The Exhibition Centre is
the largest and best equipped Exhibition venue in Australia. It was designed by
Denton Corker Marshall.
Arcade and the Queen Victoria Market are the best possibilities to go shopping.
The Block Arcade is an elegant shopping experience in the centre of Melbourne. But the Queen
Victoria Market is more then just Melbourne’s shopping mecca- it’s an historic
landmark, a tourist attraction and an institution for Melbournians. The Queen
Victoria Market is the largest market in the southern hemisphere and the most
popular visitors attraction in Victoria. It was officially opened on 20 March
1878 .The Vic Market as it is known by Melbournian is a great place to get a
feel for Melbourne’s diverse cultures. Last year the market had over 8.5
attraction is the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG). It’s one of the best-known
sporting stadiums in the world and, hosted in 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games. It
was built in 1853 and it can hold 100,000 spectators. In the MCG there are
football games which Victorians follow with a passion. But it is also a ground
for cricket fans. A visit to the ground is a must for its atmosphere and
The Westgate Bridge
is the longest bridge in Australia.
It’s over 2.6 kms long and soars over the Yarra River
and the harbour. It offers a panoramic view of the city.
sight is the Royal
This Building was completed in 1880 for Melbourne’s
first International Exhibition. The Exhibition was a great success and ran for
eight month. In 1888 the Melbourne Centennial exhibition was held to promote
the centenary of European settlement in Australia. It still qualifies as
the biggest event ever held in Melbourne,
because the attendance was over two million people.
big building is the Government House which is the official residence of the
Governor of Victoria. This is where the Queen stays when she visits Melbourne. It’s said to
be the biggest house in Victoria ( some say
even all over Australia).
It was built during the gold rush when Melbourne
was rich in money and was intend on outdoing every other house.
say a few words about Melbourne’s
visit Melbourne it’s easy to take a day trip and
experience some of Victoria’s wonderful
natural attractions such as the Great
Ocean Road which is 1 hour from Melbourne. The Great Ocean Road is a memorial in itself
to those Australians who died fighting in the First World Was. Along its route
and in the towns it passes through, there are numerous structures that honour
the memory of those who lost their lives fighting in that 'Great War'
and other conflicts. ( It was started in 1918 and completed during the Great
Depression as a public works project to give returned soldiers and unemployed
Melbourne also boats of its
parks and gardens:
Melbourne’s oldest formal gardens are the Treasury Gardens.
The gardens were laid out in 1867 by Clement Hodgkinson. The major feature of
these gardens are the statues and monuments, including the John F. Kennedy
gardens are the Carlton Gardens and the Royal Botanic Gardens.
The Carlton Gardens are the site of the old
Exhibition buildings which were originally built for the Great Exhibition of
1880. The gardens are also home to an array of wildlife. The Royal Botanic
Gardens were established in 1846 and provide a popular place for families to
picnic and feed the ducks, swans or sparrows. More than 350 animal species from
around the world are in a botanic garden setting of 22 hectare.
Melbourne Zoo is very famous. It’s Australia’s oldest and is regarded
by experts as one of the world’s best zoos. It was opened in 1862. Although the
Australian section can be covered in 90 minutes, the whole zoo takes 4 hours.