The Gallic Wars
The German Threat
words, Caesar begins the Bellum Gallicum, his own account of the Gallic Wars.
The books of this unique work, which were written at the end of each year, were
sent to the Senate in
There can be no doubt that Caesar was an extremely competent General, probably one of the best ever. He understood strategy and tactics, and he could handle the brutish and greedy legionaries of his time. He was almost always aware of the movements of his enemies and usually secured both communications and supply lines in a masterly fashion. His natural energy was turned into the feared celeritas of Caesar, a swiftness of action that stunned his contemporaries. Almost paradoxically, he could combine this swiftness with extraordinary patience, and as a result was almost always able to choose the time and place for his battles, or regain the initiative even in the most difficult situations.
In 58 BC, he
moved across the borders into
the relations between the triumvirs had become strained. Pompeius was becoming
increasingly jealous of Caesar's successes while Crassus returned to his former
enmity against Pompeius. During Caesar's tenure as Consul,
In May 56,
Caesar invited Pompeius and Crassus to a meeting at
forgiven for thinking the Senate had moved to
the provinces. It was arranged that Pompeius and Crassus be Consuls for 55, and
Caesar's command in
Despite bitter resistance from Cato and the Optimates, the elections of Crassus and Pompeius were secured and Caesar's command prolonged, after which Crassus travelled to the east leaving Pompeius to take on the duties of Consul alone. But by the end of the year Pompeius had difficulties controlling the Consular elections for 54. However skilled Pompeius might be on the battlefield, his skills did not extend to the political arena.
Further Operations - The Channel Crossings
In 56 BC, the
was that things were beginning to get out of hand. His expeditions to
800 ships and
5 Legions were invested in the second Channel crossing, a record which would
stand until the
thither twice from that part of
Politically, the death of Julia meant that the bonds between Pompeius and Caesar were weakened. Pompeius refused further offers of marriage with women within Caesar's family, choosing instead to marry Cornelia, daughter of the Optimate Metellus Scipio. Pompeius lingered in his villa on the outskirts, making no effort to stop the growing anarchy. Street violence made elections impossible, and as early as 54, there was talk of making him Dictator. The next year, Crassus died at the battle of Carrhae, effectively dissolving the triumvirate.
neither Pompeius nor Caesar felt ready for the break that the Optimates were
hoping for, and Pompeius readily complied with Caesar's request to raise 3
Legions for his campaigns against the Gauls in 53. In January 52, Clodius was
murdered by the armed followers of the Optimate Titius Annius Milo and in the
riots that followed, the Senate house burnt down. Finally, Pompeius intervened
and forced the Optimates to choose between himself and
The Gallic Revolt
meantime, Caesar was forced to devote his full attention to the Gallic tribes.
At last, the people of central
favored a 'scorched earth' policy, but was unable to persuade his
countrymen to adopt it wholeheartedly. Instead, the Bituriges insisted on
standing siege in their town of
This rebellion occurred at a time which was most fortunate for Caesar, so much that one may be tempted to allege that Vercingetorix was a Caesarean agent. In any case, the suppression of this revolt and others in 51 BC was so efficient that the province of Gaul remained pacified, even during the following decades of civil war.
Caesar's approach in these years was a mixture of reconciliation and terror. When he captured the natural fortress of Uxellodunum he had the survivors' hands cut off. Whatever one may feel of his methods, the policy was effective and gave him the peace needed to concentrate on events in Rome.
Ultimele referate adaugate
- Mihai beniuc - „poezii"
- Mihai eminescu - student la berlin
- Mircea Eliade - Mioara Nazdravana (mioriţa)
- Chirita in provintie de Vasile Alecsandri -expunerea subiectului
- Dragoste de viata de Jack London
|Ion Luca Caragiale
- Triumful talentului… (reproducere) de Ion Luca Caragiale
- Fantasticul in proza lui Mircea Eliade - La tiganci
- „Personalitate creatoare” si „figura a spiritului creator” eminescian
- Enigma Otiliei de George Calinescu - geneza, subiectul si tema romanului
- Arta literara in romanul Ion, - Liviu Rebreanu