fAmerica de Sud referat




America de Sud referat








America de Sud




Cunoscuta si sub denumirile de Amérique du Sud sau Südamerika, America de Sud (South America) are o suprafata de 17.820.950 km2 (6.880.706 mile2), fiind al patrulea continent, desi are mai putin de 12% din populatia lumii.

Dupa suprafata, tarile se claseaza astfel: Brazilia, Argentina, Peru, Columbia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Chile, Paraguay, Ecuador, Guayana, Uruguay, Suriname, Guyana Franceza.

Dupa populatie, tarile se impart : Brazilia, Columbia, Argentina, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Guayana, Suriname, Guayana Franceza.



Argentina


Forma de stat: Republica federala

Capitala: Buenos Aires

Aria : 2.780.400 km2

1.073.518 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                         Buenos Aires 2.965.403

Cordoba 1.157.507

Rosario 1.157.372

San Justo 949.566

La Plata 676.128

Populatia :                                                                 36.265.463 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      13 loc/km2

34 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:      spaniola

Moneda nationala :                      1 peso argentinian = 100 centavos







Bolivia






Forma de stat :                                                                   Republica

Capitala : Sacre

La Paz (sediul guvernului)

Aria :                                                                           1.098.581 km2

424.164 mile2

Orasele foarte populate: La Paz                   784.976

Santa Cruz 767.260

Cochabamba 448.756

El Alto 446.189

Oruro 201.831

Populatia: loc.

Densitatea populatiei:                                                      7,1 loc/km2

18 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                   spaniola, checiuana, aimarana

Moneda nationala: 1 peso bolivian = 100 centavos






Brazilia




Forma de stat: Republica federala

Capitala: Brasília

Aria : 8.547.404 km2

3.300.171 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Säo Paolo           9.839.436

Rio de Janeiro 5.551.539

Salvador 2.211.539

Belo Horizonte 2.091.448

Fortaleza 1.965.513

Populatia :                                                               169.806.557 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      20 loc/km2

51 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                              portugheza

Moneda nationala :       1 real = 100 centavos





Chile








Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala: Santiago

Aria : 756.626 km2

292.135 mile2



Orasele foarte populate: Santiago 4.703.954

Puente Alto           386.236

Conceptión 372.252

Viña del Mar 335.512

Valparaisó 293.800

Populatia :                                                                 4.787.781 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      20 loc/km2

51 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                   spaniola

Moneda nationala :                            1 peso chilian = 100 centavos







Columbia







Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala: Santa Fe de Bogotá

Aria : 1.141.748 km2

440.831 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                         Bogotá                6.004.782

Cali 1.985.906

Medellín 1.970.691

Barranquilla 1.157.826

Cartagena 812.595

Populatia :                                                                 38.580.949 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      34 loc/km2

88 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                   spaniola

Moneda nationala :                       1 peso columbian = 100 centavos







Ecuador






Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala: Quito

Aria : 272.045 km2

105.037 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Guayaquil          1.877.031

Quito                  1.401.389

Cuenca 239.896

Machala 184.588

Santo Domingo 165.090

de los Colorados

Populatia :                                                                 12.336.572 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      45 loc/km2

117 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                   spaniola

Moneda nationala :     1 sucra = 100 centavos


Guayana






Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala: Georgetown

Aria : 214.969 km2

83.000 mile2

Orasele foarte populate: Georgetown 190.000

Linden 29.000

New Amsterdam 23.000

Corriverton 17.000





Populatia :  707.954 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                    3,3 loc/km2

8,5 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala : engleza

Moneda nationala :                                1 dolar guyanez = 100 centi





Guyana Franceza




Forma de stat: Posesiune franceza (departament)

Capitala: Cayenne

Aria : 83.534 km2

32.253 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Cayenne 25.000

Saint Laurent 2.500

du Maroni

Sinnamary 1500

Qyapock 1200 Populatia : 55.000 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                     0,6 loc/km2

Limba oficiala:                                                          franceza

Moneda nationala :                                                    1 franc francez





Paraguay






Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala: Asunción

Aria : 406.752 km2

157.048 mile2

Orasele foarte populate: Asunción 437.000

Ciudad del Este 133.893

Encarnación 58.261

Concepción 35.276

Populatia :                                                                   5.291.020 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      13 loc/km2

34 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                       spaniola, guarana

Moneda nationala :     1 guaran = 100 céntime





Peru







Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala:                                                                                    Lima

Aria : 1.280.000 km2

494.210 mile2

Orasele foarte populate: Lima 5.759.676

Arequipa 680.600

Callao 637.755

Trujillo 556.800 Chiclayo 457.800

Populatia :                                                                 26.111.110 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      20 loc/km2

53 loc/mila2



Limba oficiala:                               spaniola, checiuana, aymarana

Moneda nationala :          1 sol = 100 céntime





Suriname







Forma de stat: Posesiune olandeza (stat)

Capitala: Paramaribo

Aria : 163.265 km2

63.037 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Paramaribo            180.000 Populatia : 427.980 loc.(cu populatia tribala)

Densitatea populatiei :                                                     2,6 loc/km2

6,8 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                  olandeza

Moneda nationala :                            1 florin surinamez = 100 centi








Uruguay













Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala: Montevideo

Aria : 176.215 km2

68.037 mile2

Orasele foarte populate: Montevideo 1.378.707

Salto                      117.597

Paysandú 76.191

Las Piedras 58.288

Rivera 57.316

Populatia :                                                                   3.284.841 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      19 loc/km2

48 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                   spaniola

Moneda nationala : 1 peso uruguayan = 100 centésime



Venezuela






Forma de stat: Republica

Capitala: Caracas

Aria : 912.050 km2

352.144 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Caracas              1.964.846

Maracaibo 1.207.513

Valencia 1.034.033

Barquisimento 602.622

Ciudad Guayana 523.578

Populatia :                                                                 22.803.409 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      25 loc/km2

65 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                   spaniola

Moneda nationala :    1 bolivar = 100 centime







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